True bone-originating cancer is rare and accounts for less than 0.02% of all cancers with estimates predicting 2,650 new cases in 2010. However, bone cancer is more often associated with late stage cancers that have metastasized from the lungs, breast, prostate, and other areas. Additionally, Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (a lymph node affecting cancer) and several bone marrow cancers like multiple myeloma and leukemia are sometimes found in the bone.
Here are a few fast facts about bone cancer:
- Types: Chondrosarcoma (40%), Osteosarcoma (28%), Chordoma (10%), Ewing tumor (8%), and malignant fibrous histiocytoma/fibrosarcoma (4%)
- Causes: The majority of cases involve gene mutations that occur during the person’s lifetime. Exposure to radiation or cancer-causing chemicals can cause bone cancer, but most often they occur for no apparent reason.
- Treatment: Surgery is the the primary treatment option with Chemotherapy used to combat spread. Radiation, in bone cancers, typically cause more problems than benefits
- Survival: Depends on the type of cancer and stage. The 5-year survival rates for chondrosarcoma and osteosarcoma are 80% and 50-60%, respectively
- Deaths: 1,460 deaths are expected to occur in 2010
- Awareness Ribbon: White
- Awareness Month: August
- More Stats: Start with American Cancer Society or their Facts & Figures